Simply put, an APRN is an Advanced Practice Registered Nurse. While many people use the terms ‘APRN' and ‘NP' interchangeably, it's of note to remember that while an NP is an APRN, an APRN isn't always an NP, as described above. Examples of APRN specialties include oncology, emergency, nephrology, and more. Simply put, an APRN is an Advanced Practice Registered Nurse. Both MSN and DNP programs are available, so RNs can decide which route is right for them. Advanced psychiatric nurses are trained to provide a wide range of mental health services to patients and families in a variety of settings. Advanced Practice Psychiatric-Mental Health Nurse Resources. Their job description entails providing ongoing medication management services to new and existing clients according to their clinical need. Beyond these four APRN roles, there are several population foci that nurses can specialize in. Depending on what those goals are, you may want to study to be a nurse practitioner (NP) or to pursue a degree as an advanced practice registered nurse (APRN).  In these states, they still practice independently to diagnose disorders, provide therapy and prescribe medications. Advanced Practice Registered Nurse (APRN), Post-Master’s Certificate Nurse Practitioner, Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist Salaries, American Association of Nurse Practitioners, American Association of Nurse Anesthetists, National Association of Clinical Nurse Specialists. APRNs also enjoy higher salaries, with the national average salary landing at $107,460 per year. While licensure as an APRN is granted at the role and population foci levels, students also have the option of entering an APRN specialty, which are areas of healthcare that exist outside the role and population foci. The cost of education can vary greatly. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, APRNs including nurse practitioners, nurse midwives, and nurse anesthetists can expect job growth of 31% through 2024, which is an extremely favorable outlook. (2007, January 22). A PMHNP is trained to practice autonomously. This means that this type of RN has earned a graduate-level degree such as a Master's of Science in Nursing (MSN) or a Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP), and has been specially trained in one of the four recognized APRN roles.  They may also serve as consultants or as educators for families and staff. At minimum, the candidate must complete an approved Master's of Science in Nursing (MSN) or Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) advanced nursing education program. Medically underserved areas also value APRNs, as they can often serve in primary care roles, and can perform some of the diagnostics and procedures that doctors normally provide. After completing a four-year Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN), a Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner degree requires two to five additional years of training. PMHNPs diagnose, conduct therapy, and prescribe medications for patients who have psychiatric disorders, medical organic brain disorders or substance abuse problems. Learn more about Nurse Practitioners. This is in contrast to 2008, when nurse practitioners could autonomously diagnose and treat in 23 states, and could only prescribe in 12 states. Both classroom and online APRN programs are available across the country. A new training modality is the Master's entry/graduate entry to practice nursing program model, which is specifically designed for those with bachelor's degrees in non-nursing fields. Many NPs enter a population focus, such as family nurse practitioner or psychiatric nurse practitioner. Individuals who already have a bachelor's degree in another field can attend one of many accelerated BSN programs before entering an approved MSN or DNP program. This area of the site is your resource concerning advanced practice psychiatric-mental health nursing education, practice, licensing, certification, etc. According to the APRN Consensus Model, there are four roles an APRN can hold: certified nurse midwife (CNM), certified registered nurse anesthetist (CRNA), clinical nurse specialist (CNS), and nurse practitioner (NP). They are licensed to provide emergency psychiatric services, psychosocial and physical assessment of their patients, treatment plans, and manage patient care. For example, at UCSF the cost for the Masters program with in-state tuition is approximately $12,245 a year; for an out-of-state student the tuition is $24,798. Home / Advanced Practice Registered Nurse (APRN). To be eligible for these programs, students must hold an active RN license and meet the school's criteria for admission. To explain simply, an NP is a type of APRN. Check out the following for more detailed information: Current, MSN-educated APRNs who wish to change foci or specialties can opt to complete a post-grad certificate program in the specialty they wish to enter or obtain specialized nursing certifications. In other states, PMHNPs have reduced or restricted practice, requiring a collaborative agreement with a physician, a standard scope of practice signed by a physician, or other limits on practice or prescribing. Learn more about Certified Nurse Midwives, This RN administers anesthesia for patients undergoing surgery or other medical procedures, while ensuring patient safety. Some of the biggest employers of APRNs include hospitals, outpatient centers, and offices of physicians and other healthcare practitioners. All trademarks are the property of their respective trademark holders. Here you will find a wealth of manuals, articles, links, and other relevant and important information for and about advanced practice psychiatric-mental health nurses (APPNs). This means that this type of RN has earned a graduate-level degree such as a Master's of Science in Nursing (MSN) or a Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP), and has been specially trained in one of the four recognized APRN roles. Students must then successfully pass a Board examination to practice as a Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner (PMHNP). However, no state has actually initiated any laws regarding the DNP as the minimum degree. Psychiatric nurs… It is expected that current Master's-prepared nurses will be "grandfathered' into the new system and as long as they keep their certification current, they will not be required to pursue further education except the required continuing education. Psychiatric Mental Health Advanced Practice Registered Nurses (PMH-APRNs) offer primary care services to the psychiatric-mental health population. As more Americans seek mental health care with the Affordable Care Act, there simply are not enough psychiatrists available to meet their needs. Notable schools with Psychiatric-Mental Health Nurse practitioner programs are Vanderbilt University School of Nursing, Yale School of Nursing, Saint Louis University, University of California-San Francisco, University of Pennsylvania, and Columbia University School of Nursing. Entrants to these programs typically spend one to two years completing Bachelor's level nursing classes to allow them to sit for the nursing board exam NCLEX-RN, and then go straight into an additional 2–3 years of graduate level coursework.  Titles and functions vary by state, but usually NP, CRNP, "APRN," or ARNP are used. PMHNP-BC is the ANCC American Nurses Credentialing Center designated title for a board certified Advanced Practice Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner. Learn more about Nurse Anesthetists, This RN provides leadership and high-level clinical expertise in a specialty area of medicine (for example, community health or geriatrics). (2007, February 6). This is followed by clinical rotations of at least 600 hours to complete a MSN degree, 1000 hours for the DNP. To enter any of the APRN roles, students must complete a graduate-level program. RegisteredNursing.org does not guarantee the accuracy or results of any of this information. What Does an Advanced Psychiatric Nurse Do? The State of California. There are many schools that offer the graduate education required for this profession. Advanced Practice Psychiatric Nurses (PMH-APRNs) are health care professionals licensed - or in the case of those employed by the federal government, credentialed - to practice as specialists in psychiatric-mental health nursing. PMH-APRNs assess, diagnose, and treat individuals and families with psychiatric disorders or the potential for such disorders using their full scope of therapeutic skills, including the prescription of medication and administration of psychotherapy. The following four roles encompass the APRN title, and a myriad of educational opportunities and programs exist for them: This type of RN specializes in childbirth and performs a host of women's health medical services. APNs are prepared with advanced didactic and clinical education, knowledge, skills, and scope of practice in nursing. Programs at public universities are typically less expensive for state residents than out-of-state-residents. Accelerated BSN programs typically take one and a half to two years after completion of prerequisite coursework. The PMHNP has a focus on psychiatric diagnosis, including the differential diagnosis of medical disorders with psychiatric symptoms, and on medication treatment for psychiatric disorders.