Teenagers are more vulnerable to depression after giving birth. That is why the recommended intake of calcium for the pregnant adolescent has been set at 1,600 mg./day. The information provided on this site is not meant to substitute for the advice of a qualified medical professional. Scientific opinion now favors a balance among the various components; therefore, nutritional assessment and counseling should take this into account. Swann C, Bowe K, McCormick G and Kosmin M (2003) Teenage pregnancy and parenthood: a review of reviews (Accessed August 2013). 5. That could happen if you’re an athlete who trains a lot and/or if you have an eating disorder like anorexia. 25 gm. As your body changes weekly you may feel tempted to restrict your intake but if you do, remember that this can hamper your baby’s development and your own. A healthy, well-balanced diet can also help to reduce some pregnancy symptoms, such as nausea and constipation. Niacin can be found in all the above or can be synthesized from dietary tryptophan. Diet versions of soft drinks are not healthier alternatives — they contain artificial sweeteners, some of which may harm your baby (like aspartame, saccharin and cyclamate). The second trimester's gain is primarily maternal, while the third's is primarily fetal. A number of factors act synergistically to decrease available energy during pregnancy in adolescence; these factors may account for the disproportionate number of towbirth-weight infants delivered, especially by those 15 years and under. Adolescent … For those found to be iron-deficient (i.e., ferritin less than 10 mg./100 ml. These factors and their variance during adolescence from what can be expected both earlier and later in life are the subject of this article. Nutritional needs of the pregnant teenager Folate. Studies aimed at defining protein requirements use nitrogen(lgm. I-, and Williams, S. R. Nutrition in Pregnancy and Lactation. You can also use your vouchers from Healthy Start to buy fruit and vegetables. To access the article, you may purchase it or purchase the complete back file collection here. Energy is necessary to maintain cellular function and to promote growth of maternal and fetal tissue. Or throw some veggies in your stews or soups. At the present, most authorities believe any plan to impose restrictions on the pregnant woman's weight gain should be approached with caution. Eating well, combined with taking a daily multivitamin, can give a woman the nutrients she needs to feel good, have energy, and support a healthy pregnancy. A balanced diet. Feeding behavior 4. The issues relevant in studying this problem are complex. In the past, various therapeutic regimens have attempted to restrict one or another of these components in order to prevent toxemia or large babies, or both. You can get it from pulses, papaya, oranges, green leafy vegetables... Calories. It is always necessary to assay other factors, including growth, weight gain, physical exam, and laboratory values, in addition to intake data in order to rationally plot a nutritional strategy. The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics recommends the following key components of a healthy lifestyle during pregnancy: Appropriate weight gain . • During your second and third trimesters (weeks 13 – 40), you will need an extra 300 calories per day for your baby. Clin. 6. But if you’re a teen, your menstrual cycle may not be regular yet, which means that a missed period doesn’t make you officially pregnant. Most important of all, protein utilization depends on adequacy of caloric intake. Dietary and Caloric Recommendations. Since teenagers are still growing, they are at higher risks of delivering a low birth weight baby — one who weighs less than 2.5kg. Pattern of normal prenatal weight gain. The problem of determining optimum protein intake for pregnant adolescents is more complicated than that of determining their energy needs. If you’re pregnant, try to get your parents’ or a close relative’s support and make sure to attend all your routine prenatal check-ups. Folie acid is a necessary cellular component in both DNA and RNA precursor synthesis. The aim of prenatal care is to detect any medical issue with you or your baby, monitor the baby’s development and intervene promptly should any complication arise. The authors would like to acknowledge their appreciation to Cheryl McKeen and Susan McFaul for preparation of the manuscript. Vitamin requirements are shown in Table 1; the needs of the pregnant teenager for B-group vitamins and folacin were discussed above. An extra daily 200kcal in your third trimester. Folic Acid. You’ve surely heard about the classic sign of pregnancy, namely missing one or more menstrual periods. Anemia. Paper presented at the International Society for Adolescent Medicine, May 8, 1979. Teenagers are more likely to go into labour prematurely especially if they have a poor diet or if they were underweight prior to pregnancy. This is compensated for by elevation in aldosterone production, which promotes tubular résorption of sodium.
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