I don't have enough faith to be an atheist.". It addresses the problem of complexity in our universe, which is largely unexplained. The Life of the Cosmos is well written in a highly intellectual style. The origin of natural laws may have some unknown cause that is not even divine! Applying reasoning borrowed from the study of fitness landscapes in population biology, one can conclude that the population is dominated by universes whose parameters drive the production of black holes to a local peak in the landscape. The resulting population of universes can be represented as a distribution of a landscape of parameters where the height of the landscape is proportional to the numbers of black holes that a universe with those parameters will have. Natural selection can happen in any situation where something reproduces and passes on its traits. While still speculative, some new theories have put forward the idea that Natural selection exists on a cosmological scale.  According to Susskind and many other physicists, the last decade of black hole physics has shown us that no information that goes into a black hole can be lost. In 1992 Smolin also predicted that inflation, if true, must only be in its simplest form, governed by a single field and parameter. No it isn't. , However, Susskind also argued that, since Smolin's theory relies on information transfer from the parent universe to the baby universe through a black hole, it ultimately makes no sense as a theory of cosmological natural selection. Natural selection is the only known force that can generate complex functionality (that is, adaptation) at the biological level, and it’s interesting to consider that it could also do so at a cosmological level, and that life itself—along with the physical conditions that permit life to exist—could potentially be regarded as a higher-order adaptation. , Smolin has noted that the string theory landscape is not Popper-falsifiable if other universes are not observable. As a bonus, universes which can produce more carbon are more likely to harbor life (which could potentially explain, and so disprove, the "Fine Tuning Argument").  Smolin responded to these criticisms in Life of the Cosmos and later scientific papers.  The implication is that information transfer from the parent universe into the baby universe through a black hole is not conceivable. Those universes which are predisposed to produce more carbon are more likely to produce black holes and so pass on their successful genes, while less successful universes are less likely to do so. English Noun . Lee Smolin (1955–) studied quantum gravity, popularized a theory of cosmological natural selection; George F. Smoot (1945–) used Cosmic Background Explorer Satellite to measure the temperature and anisotropy of the early universe Both predictions have held up, and they demonstrate Smolin's main thesis: that the theory of cosmological natural selection is Popper falsifiable. The theory contains the evolutionary ideas of "reproduction" and "mutation" of universes, and so is formally analogous to models of population biology.  Later this figure was raised to two solar masses following more precise modeling of neutron star interiors by nuclear astrophysicists. Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Smolin theorizes that these … According to CNS, black holes may be mechanisms of universe reproduction within the multiverse, an extended cosmological environment in which universes grow, die, and reproduce. Rather than a ‘dead’ singularity at the center of black holes, a point where relativity theory breaks down and spacetime and matter-energy become unmodeled, what occurs in Smolin’s theory is a 'bounce' that produces a new universe with parameters stochastically different from the parent universe. When the universe reproduces, it does so via the use of black holes, which take in genetic material from around neighboring regions of spacetime and force it through into a higher dimension, where it causes a Big Bang and the formation of a new universe. Jump to navigation Jump to search.  This is the subject of the Smolin–Susskind debate concerning Smolin's argument: "[The] Anthropic Principle cannot yield any falsifiable predictions, and therefore cannot be a part of science. English Wikipedia has an article on: cosmological natural selection. - natural selection processes are brilliant at producing improbable, complex, functional design. cosmological natural selection.  Even Stephen Hawking, who was the largest proponent of the idea that information is lost in a black hole, later reversed his position. Leonard Susskind, who later promoted a similar string theory landscape, stated: I'm not sure why Smolin's idea didn't attract much attention. When Smolin published the theory in 1992, he proposed as a prediction of his theory that no neutron star should exist with a mass of more than 1.6 times the mass of the sun. Lee Smolin who is a world ranking cosmolgist, is closely involved with this, see Fecund universes.. Mythology of the Old Testament satisfied Bronze Age herders and Iron Age farmers and it satisfies modern fundamentalists too. In fecund theory a collapsing[clarification needed] black hole causes the emergence of a new universe on the "other side", whose fundamental constant parameters (masses of elementary particles, Planck constant, elementary charge, and so forth) may differ slightly from those of the universe where the black hole collapsed. In a critical review of The Life of the Cosmos, astrophysicist Joe Silk suggested that our universe falls short by about four orders of magnitude from being maximal for the production of black holes. The fundamentalists will go back to their churches and tell others of their faith about the atheists with silly ideas about universes and black holes and natural selection and higher dimensions. While still speculative, some new theories have put forward the idea that Natural selection exists on a cosmological scale. Natural selection is a simple tautology that should really be obvious. I actually think it deserved far more than it got. cosmological natural selection (uncountable) Unintelligent believers whose main education has been Bible study together with the teachings of their particular sect can't easily understand all this. Cosmological natural selection is a bizarre seeming idea that serious Scientists respect. In this scenario, the universe is a superorganism that stores its genes in the fabric of spacetime. The chances that Smolin's theory can accidentally survive all 40 tests is 1 in 2^40 or about 1 in a trillion. Alternatively, black holes play a role in cosmological natural selection by reshuffling only some matter affecting the distribution of elementary quark universes. Or Greek mythology or Celtic or Nordic mythology, https://atheism.wikia.org/wiki/Cosmological_natural_selection?oldid=9074. There are about 20 parameters that can be varied. The argument is an argument from ignorance, god of the gaps and a broken compass argument. That approach more easily gets to believers. Wikipedia . Rather they'll hold onto their Superstitions round Adam and Eve and the like. This idea was further studied by Nikodem Poplawski. He argues that cosmological natural selection is superior to the anthropic principle because it is falsifiable. Natural selection is the only known force that can generate complex functionality - (that is, adaptation) at the biological level, and - it’s interesting to consider that it could also do so at a cosmological level, and Or Greek mythology or Celtic or Nordic mythology, any of them could be true. Smolin contributed to the theory of loop quantum gravity (LQG) in collaborative work with Ted Jacobson, Carlo Rovelli, Louis Crane, Abhay Ashtekar and others. Or Judaism could be true. With Rovelli he discovered the discreteness of areas and vol… When dealing with Christian proselytisers it's better to stick to simple stuff like:- This was the first use of the notion of a landscape of parameters in physics. They'll tell each other stuff like, "I could never be an atheist. If complex cosmology goes against their cherished beliefs the chances are they won't even try to understand it. Natural selection affects the genes of living organisms. Is it a good idea to try and explain this type of science to simple-minded or uneducated Christian Fundamentalists?